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North MS Fish Hatchery

 

Mississippi Native: Fringe Tree

(Chionanthus virginicus)

Downloadable Brochure: FRINGE TREE

Other Name/s:

White Fringe Tree, Old Man’s Beard, & Grancy Graybeard

Description:

This spreading plant can have multiple trunks, which are pale grey with white bands. Leaves, which are oval-shaped, are yellowish green to dark green in color. These leaves turn completely yellow in the fall. Flowers are a creamy white color (or greenish white color) and suspend in panicles from the branches with female plants having dark blue to purple clustered fruit.

Season:

Flowers bloom in the spring (May), and fruit forms in the summer, ripening at the end of summer into the fall.

Size:

The fringe tree reaches heights of 12 – 20 feet and can grow as wide as 12 feet. Clusters of flowers are 4 – 6 inches long with individual flowers 1 inch long. Leaves are 4 – 8 inches long.

Habitat:

This Mississippi native is usually found in areas such as stream banks and moist woods.  

Planting Tips/Interesting Facts:

This plant needs moist (well-drained) soil and needs to be planted in full sun to part shade.

Flowers are fragrant and fruit attracts birds.

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