Wildlife & Hunting

Become An Apprentice

So, You Want to be A Falconer?
Congratulations! You have done the hard part. You found us. We were not hiding, but there are so few of us that we're just not easy to locate. You have started a process that will be tedious and time consuming, yet can be very rewarding.

Up-front questions you need to be able to answer:

  • Will you, can you, commit part of your waking hours to a creature who at the very best of times will merely tolerate your presence, is as affectionate as a stone, and at the worst of times will cause you heartache and possibly puncture wounds? Can you commit to an average of a half-hour a day, every day, and two to four hours on a hunting day, regardless of school, family, or job - for as long as you have your bird?
  • Are you 12 years of age or older?
  • Are you an outdoors person? Do you like animals? Are you a hunter? Will you be able to hunt three to six times a week during the hunting season on the bird's schedule - not yours? If you have never hunted, can you learn?
  • Will you be able to convince the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks, and at least one general or master level falconer that you have the drive, the dedication, the motivation, the book knowledge, the facilities, and equipment to properly house and care for a bird?
  • Are you ready to have people see you with awe, amazement or sometimes anger? Are you ready to be the absolute center of attention when you carry your hawk on your fist? Are you ready for that incredible rush when that wild creature first returns to you, on its own and is able to fly free but decides to come to you instead?

Answers: Only the first two really count. The third one can be learned. The fourth is a lot easier than it reads, and the last is reason enough.

Other questions you must start thinking about are:

  • Which bird do you want to begin with?
  • What are you going to hunt for, and where are you going to hunt? Falconry kestrels hunt small birds, while the red-tailed hawk hunts ground quarry.
  • Where are you going to house the bird?
  • How are you going to transport the bird between the house and the hunt?


Through links on this page, you'll find:

  • Falconry Literature. A listing, with sources, of the books that will help you through the various steps from taking the test to getting a bird. While there are many interesting books on falconry, we recommend only those that have proved useful to becoming a falconer and that are available in print.
  • The Apprentice's Checklist. After you have passed the state's falconry exam, you will have to have your facilities and equipment inspected and approved by a MDWFP biologist or conservation officer. If you can answer "yes" to the items on this checklist, you will pass that inspection.
  • We are often asked "how much it costs."  Falconry is not a sport you can do on a small budget, but you do not have to be independently wealthy, either. The good news is that wild-caught birds cannot be bought or sold (federal law). They may be trapped for falconry during a specific time of the year by permitted individuals or transferred to you at anytime of the year, consequently your first birds costs nothing directly. However, building the facilities, getting a proper perch, swivel, glove, and so on (see the The Apprentice's Checklist for the mandatory requirements) can add up costs quickly, but most of the costs are one-time fees.  A state falconry permit is $100 for 5 years, and a Sportsman hunting license is $32 per year. 
  • What do we expect from you? In your first year, we expect you to trap, man, train, and hunt with a passage bird. Ninety-nine percent of apprentices begin with the red-tailed hawk. Many beginners get the impression that because red-tails and kestrels are used by apprentices they are easy birds to work with. That is not the case. The only reason those birds are allowed you is because they are successful as a species and are fairly plentiful. While they are not the easiest birds to work with, they are not difficult to work with. Once you successfully hunt with a red-tail, the other ground-oriented species are easy. Once you hunt successfully with a kestrel, you will find the larger falcons to be just that - larger, more impressive, certainly, but not harder to work with. If the magic does not work and it becomes obvious to you and/or your sponsor that falconry just is not for you, we expect you to release your bird. Falconry is not for everyone. Having to release your bird because you are not cut out to be a falconer is extremely rare, on the order of less than one a year, but it is better than causing irreparable damage to you or one of our treasured hunting partners.

What you need to do next

  • Check out the Falconry Info Packet on our webpage. 
  • If you have not already done so, call or write for any other information on falconry:
    Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks
    Attn: Houston Havens
    1505 Eastover Dr.
    Jackson, MS 39212
  • Get your books (see the  Falconry Literature  and start studying).
  • When you feel that you are ready, schedule an appointment with the MDWFP to take the falconry exam.


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